Abstract

STUDIES ON THE PHYTOCHEMISTRY, SPECTROSCOPIC CHARACTERIZATION AND SCREENING FOR ANTI-MITOTIC EFFICACY OF SALICORNIA BRACHIATA ROXB

Author(s): G.V.Pavan Kumar1*,B.Narendra Naik1, R.Ninitha Sri1,B.Pooja1, B.Brahmaiah1, D.SrinivasaRao

Salicorniabrachiata is a euhalopytic plant belonging to the family Chenopodiaceae. The present study investigates the phytochemistry, characterization and antimitotic activity of  ethanolic  extract  of  S.brachiata.Plants  popularly  known  as  Sea  asparagus  are  cooked  and  eaten  or  pickled.  It  is  also  a  good  fodderfor  cattle,  sheep  and  goat.  Plant material is  also  used as  raw material in paper and board  factories.  Its  seeds  yield  high quality  edible oil  which  is  highly  polyunsaturated and  similar  to  safflower  oil in  fatty acid.S.brachiata was collected from the back waters of Bapatla,Guntur district. The collected plant material was shade dried and pulverized. The plant material Was studied for  phytochemistry,spectroscopic  analysis  i.e.,UV-Visible,  FT-IR  and  anti  mitotic  activity.S.  brachiata  has  been  prescribed  in  traditional  medicines  for  the  treatment  of intestinal ailments, nephropathy, and hepatitis in Oriental countries. In addition, S.brachiata has recently reported to be effective on the atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes. A variety of pharmacological experiments have revealed that solvent-extracted fractions of S.brachiata exhibited anti-oxidative, anti-microbial, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory activities,supporting rationale behind its several traditional uses.The phytochemical analysis indicates the presence of Tannins and Flavonoids in the plant. UV-Vis  Spectrum,  used  for  the  quantitative  analysis  of  the  plant  extract  showed  peaks  at  280  and  290  nm.  Identification  of  the  functional groups  was  performed  by  FT-IR spectroscopy which confirmed the presence of phenolic, alcoholic and aromatic compounds

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