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Abstract

SLEEP QUALITY AMONG MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS PATIENTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Author(s): MAEDEH POURHOSSEIN ALAMDARY, FAZLOLAH AHMADI, MAHMOD ABEDINI

Background and aim: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a rare inflammatory demyelinating disorder of a nervous system. Good sleep is a very important issue among MS patients. Studies about sleep quality among MS patients are limited. Presents study aimed to examine sleep quality among one group of MS patients. Method: This study is a crosssectional study. A study performed in an MS clinic in Mazandaran. Mazandaran is located in North of Iran. All patients who admitted to this clinic were invited. Totally 40 women participate in our study. For assessing sleep quality, we used Pittsburgh sleep quality index. Patient’s demographics information also achieved with using a selfdesigned checklist. After data collection, data were entered into SPSS software and analyzed with using suitable statistical tests. Results: The mean years of living with MS were 1.77 years (range from 1-20 year). With regards to the type of MS, most patients in our study have a relapsing-remitting type (75% of them). The mean score of sleep quality in all 7 domains of Pittsburgh sleep quality index was 12.1 (SD: 2.9). Among all domains, higher score was related to “Habitual sleep efficiency” with a mean score of 2.5 (SD: 0.9) and the lower score were related to “Sleep disturbance” with a mean score of 1.4 (SD: 0.9).Conclusion: Results of the present study showed that most patients with MS have a low quality of sleep. MS patients should be screened for sleep problems. Further study in this regards need.

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