1. Situs Slot KayaMendadak88
  2. Situs Slot Online Terbaik Dan Terpercaya No 1
  3. Slot Pragmatic Play
  4. Situs Slot Online Terpercaya
  5. Kumpulan Situs Judi Slot Terpercaya
  6. Game Slot Online
  7. Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar
  8. Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya 2021
  9. Slot Joker123
  10. Agen Slot Online Resmi
  11. Slot Deposit Pulsa
  12. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Terbaik Dan Terpercaya No 1
  13. AloJudi Slot
  14. KayaMendadak88 Slot
  15. Situs Slot Gacor 2022
  16. Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar Gampang Menang
  17. Joker123 Slot
  18. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Deposit Pulsa Terbaik
  19. Mesin slot gacor 88
  20. Mesin slot
  21. Link Slot Online
  22. Slot Via Dana
  23. situs judi slot terbaik dan terpercaya no 1
  24. Daftar Situs Bo Slot Online Gacor Terbaik 2022
  1. Slot Online
  2. Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar
  3. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya
  4. Judi Slot Terpercaya
  5. Kumpulan Situs Judi QQ Online Terpercaya
  6. Slot Online Terbaru
  7. Situs Game Slot Online Terbaik
  8. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Gacor Gampang Menang 2022
  9. Situs Slot Deposit Pulsa dan Slot Online Terbaik
  10. Slot Hacker
  11. Situs Slot Online Terbaik
  12. Slot Gacor Gampang Menang
  13. Situs Judi Slot Online Gacor Terbaik 2022
  14. Situs Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar
  15. Slot Online Terpercaya
  16. Game Slot Penghasil Uang
  17. Situs Slot Online Terbaik 2021
  18. Situs Slot Online Terbaik dan Terpercaya
  19. Situs Slot Terbaik
  20. Situs Judi Slot Terbaik Dan Terpercaya No 1

Abstract

SETTING MRLS FOR PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN FOOD BASED ON EU UNIFORM CRITERIA

Author(s): VALENTINAL. CHRISTOVA-BAGDASSARIAN1, JULIETAA. TISHKOVA1, JULIANA RUMENOVA TASHEVA-PETKOVA2, M. ATANASSOVA

Objective: Pesticides are used worldwide. They are applied during the growing season and part of the amount may remain in or on treated crop. Pesticides can drift to nearby areas  and  contaminate  crops  that  were  not  treated.  The  MRLs  are  the  maximum  amount  of  a  pesticide  permitted  in  or  on  food  (&  feed),  expressed  in  mg/kgor  ppm  and always defined for the active substance –crop combination. MRL should be set according to residue trials under Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) and under the condition that:  Daily  Consumer  Intake  <  Acceptable  Daily  Intake.  The  residue  definition  of  active  substanceis  derivedfrom  plant  and  animal  metabolism.  Supervised  trials  are  the primary  source of  information  for  estimating  maximum  residue  levels  and  calculating  International Estimated  Daily  Intake.  The  agricultural practice  the worst-case  situation should be used to generate data from supervised trials to define the MRL. As the number of controlled field tests, and hence the data for MRL proposal is not large, the usual statistical models are inappropriate.Methods:Two methods for calculating proposed pre-harvest intervals (PHI) and maximum residue levels are used. The first one (Rmax) has proved its worth in many cases since 1981, and the second (Rber) has been developed by the Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry in Braunschweig/Germany. Both methods are described  briefly.  The  first  one  is  suitable  for  a  larger  number  of  data.  It  assumes a  normal distribution  of  random  variables,  which  are  not  always  assumed  with  sufficient certainty. The second one uses a non-parametric distribution-and it is appropriate for more limited number of trials. Several case studies are discussed. The MRL Regulation on pesticide residues in food is a great progress towards better protection of children and consumer in general. Conclusions:Uniform criteria have to be used for evaluation of residue trials and MRLs setting process. Knowledge of the European approach in establishing the pesticide residue levels is useful for all countries in the world that have a policy of restrictionof persistent organic pollutants in the environment aiming towards food safety for people of all ages

Get the App