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Abstract

OCCURRENCE OF MULTIPLE DRUG RESISTANT SALMONELLA FROM SNACKS IN CALABAR, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

Author(s): ETEFIA UWEM ETEFIA, INAH INAH ONETE

Background: This was a study to investigate the occurrence of multiple drug resistant Salmonella from snacks in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. Methods: One hundred (100) samples from eateries and streets were cultured using standard methods for Salmonella infections diagnosis. Antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out using agar-disc diffusion method. Results: Out of 100 snacks examined with 50 each from the streets and 50 each from the eateries, 55 samples were found to habour Salmonella isolates. The distribution of Salmonella isolates in snacks from the streets was 76% (38/50) while that of the eateries was 34% (17/50). The antibiogram of Salmonella showed that Ofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Pefloxacin, Gentamycin, Streptomycin and Cephalexin were the most sensitive while Septrin was the most resistant. Conclusion: This study observed the presence of multiple drug resistant Salmonella from snacks in Calabar. There is therefore need for good sanitary practices and control of the use of antibiotics.

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