A.N.M MAMUN-OR-RASHID, MD. MOSHIUL AZAM, BIPLAB KUMAR DASH, FATEMA BINTE HAFIZ, MONOKESH KUMER SEN
Objective:Ethnomedicobotanical study of different plant parts of Ocimum sanctum L., belonging to the family Lamiaceae, popular for its medicinal and religious value in Hinduism of Bangladesh. Methods and materials:This review has been conducted to pile up information that is available in different scientific literatures and this update compendium documentation has focused on some of the traditional and pharmacological aspects and phytochemical constituents. Results:From the result it reveals that wide numbers of phytochemical constituents have been isolated from the plant e.g. aesculectin, orientin, vallinin, eugenol, alkanoids and is proved to have potential for medical effects like hepatoprotective, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, chemopreventive, immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, antiulcer, antiinflammatory, antipyretic and various other important medicinal properties. Conclusion:The effects of O. sanctum may delay the development some life threating complications and this work stimulates the researchers for further research on the potential use of this medicinal plants having pharmaceutical potential.