Abstract

ETHNOBOTANY OF THARUS OF DUDHWA NATIONAL PARK, INDIA

Author(s): KumarRajesh, SinghManishK & BharatiK Avinash

Tharusare inhabited on southern foothills of the Himalayas along Indo-Nepal border. They have been using many plant species to meet their day-to-day needs. The aim of this study was to collect information on the traditional uses of different plants and to document the potential economic use of these plants. Fieldwork was conducted over a period of two years in Dudhwa National Park, utilizing the “transect walk” method of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA). Thedata  was  analyzed  using  the  following techniques: frequency of citation and informant consensus factor (Fic). The present communication gives information on 86 species belonging to 38 families of plants used by Tharu  tribes  of  Dudhwa  National  Park,  Uttar  Pradesh.  The  frequency  of  citation  was  very  high  forAlstonia  scholaris(fire-wood), Antidesma  acidum, Artocarpus  lakoocha(edible), Bauhinia  vahlii, Butea  monosperma(food  plate), Dendrocalamus  strictus(hut  preparation), Hibiscus  cannabinus(rope), Oryza  rufipogon(food), Phoenix  acaulis(edible) and Tamarixdioica(broom).

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