GalaniV J, PatelJalpesh, PatelKrunal, Patel Darshak
Schizophrenia, a psychiatric illness is a 4thleading cause of disability among adults. It is estimated to affect 1% of the general population. Aim of the present study was to conduct epidemiological survey of patients suffering of schizophrenia in Gujarat. This retrospective study was conducted on patients visiting Santvan Hospital Nadiad, Gujarat. Data were collected by the case report formsand analyzed for age, sex, symptoms of schizophrenic patients and prescribed drugs. Male and female patients (n=55) with age > 15 years and < 50 years, who had informed consent were included in this study. Patients with severe diseases alongwith schizophrenia, pregnant and lactating women, and age < 15 years and > 50 years were excluded from this study. Analysis of the data revealed that females and males affecting schizophrenia were almost equal. This disease appeared earlier in men usually in early twenties than in women who were affected in the twenties to early thirties. Female patients were suffered from irritable mood more than males. Male patients suffered from apathetic mood more than females. All cases studied were had negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Polypharmacy was observed in drug prescription as on an average drugs prescribed per patient was 3 to 4. Olanzapine (98%) was most prescribed drug followed by clozapine (64%), lorazepam (64%), escitalopram (50%) and risperidone (32%).